Case Study 1: What is the Deduction?
Robert has taken his first job after completing law school. His filing status is Single. He paid $3,000 in interest on his student loans during the tax year. With all adjustments to income (except student loan interest adjustment), his MAGI is below the MAGI limits. He can deduct $2,500 of his student loan interest as an adjustment to income.
The student loan interest deduction is generally the smaller of $2,500 or the interest paid that year on a qualified student loan. This amount is gradually reduced (phased out) or eliminated, based on the taxpayer's filing status and MAGI.