Internal Revenue Service United States Department of the Treasury
Level Basic Advanced Military International

Social Security Tax



This lesson is designed to teach tax preparers how to identify foreign students and scholars who are exempt from paying Social Security, Medicare, and self-employment taxes.

Forms referenced in this lesson include:

  • Form 1040-NR, U.S. Nonresident Alien Income Tax Return
  • Form 843, Claim for Refund and Request for Abatement
  • Form 8316, Information Regarding Request for Refund of Social Security Tax Erroneously Withheld on Wages Received by a Nonresident Alien on an F, J, or M Type Visa

You can also refer to the following:

  • Publication 519, U.S. Tax Guide for Aliens
  • Publication 4011, Foreign Student and Scholar Volunteer Resource Guide, for helpful tips on preparing tax returns for nonresident aliens