Form 1099-C (continued)
Mortgage Workouts and Form 1099-C
Homeowners whose mortgage debt is partly forgiven through a loan modification, or "workout," which allows them to continue owning their residence, will receive Form 1099-C reporting the debt canceled in box 2. Because the taxpayer kept ownership of the home, there is no gain or loss to be reported.
However, if the canceled debt meets the requirements of "qualified principal residence indebtedness," Form 982 must be completed to report the amount excluded from gross income and the reduction of tax attributes. Check box 1e on Form 982. The amount from Form 1099-C, box 2, should be entered on line 2. In addition, the amount on line 2 should be entered on line 10b to report the reduction to the basis of the taxpayer's home.
Taxpayers who are not personally liable for the debt (nonrecourse debt) do not have ordinary income from the cancellation of the debt unless the lender:
If a lender offers to discount (reduce) the principal balance of a loan that is paid off early, or agrees to a loan modification ("workout") that includes a reduction in the principal balance of a loan, the amount of the discount or the amount of the principal reduction is canceled debt whether or not the taxpayer is personally liable for the debt. The amount of the canceled debt must be included in income unless the exceptions or exclusions discussed earlier apply.