The next credit that will be covered is the credit for the elderly or the disabled. The credit for the elderly or the disabled is calculated on Schedule R and reported on Form 1040, Tax and Credits section.
To qualify for the credit for the elderly or the disabled, individuals must be:
A taxpayer with a permanent and total disability is unable to engage in "substantial, gainful activity," in other words, paid employment. Taxpayers who can do such work are not considered disabled. Working in a sheltered workshop setting, however, is not considered substantial, gainful activity.
Mandatory retirement age is the age set by a taxpayer's employer at which the taxpayer would have been required to retire, had the taxpayer not become disabled.
Generally, disability income comes from an employer's disability insurance, health plan, or pension plan. The payments replace wages for the time the taxpayer missed work because of the disability. The plan must provide for disability retirement for the payments to be considered disability income.
To guide your interview and determine if the taxpayer is a qualifying individual, refer to the Credit for Elderly or Disabled — Decision Tree, Figure A. Are You a Qualified Individual?, in the Volunteer Resource Guide, Nonrefundable Credits tab.