Adjustments to Income on Form 1040
To identify the adjustments to income that a taxpayer can claim, you will need to ask the taxpayers if they had the types of expenses listed on the Adjusted Gross Income section of the tax return. To determine the taxpayers' adjustments to income, use the interview techniques and tools discussed in the Screening and Interviewing lesson; review the answers on the taxpayers' intake and interview sheet.
Be sure to ask if, during the tax year, the taxpayer or spouse:
There are other adjustments to income on Form 1040, such as self-employed health insurance deduction, self-employed SEP, SIMPLE, and qualified plans, and domestic production activities deductions. The other adjustments to income on Form 1040 are beyond the scope of the VITA/TCE program. Encourage taxpayers who might be able to benefit from other adjustments to consult a professional tax preparer.
A specialty course on health savings accounts is available on Link & Learn Taxes for volunteers with an Intermediate certification or higher—this course is optional. Check with your Site Coordinator to determine whether you should be certified in this topic.