Period of Ownership and Use
To claim the exclusion on the gain from the sale of a home, the taxpayer must meet the ownership and use tests. This means that during the five-year period ending on the date of the sale, the taxpayer must have:
In addition, during the two-year period ending on the date of the sale, the taxpayer must not have claimed an exclusion on a gain from the sale of another home.
There are special rules for Armed Forces, intelligence personnel and Peace Corps volunteers in the application of the five-year period. See "Five-year Test Period Suspension" later in this lesson.