Green Card or Substantial Presence Test
Paul, a U.S. citizen, and his wife, Gabriella, were married at the end of 2013. She lived in the United States for 120 days in 2013 (from September to December). She was in the United States on 120 days in each of the years 2011 and 2012. To determine if she meets the substantial presence test for 2013, total the following:
Since the total for the 3-year period is 180 days, Gabriella is not considered to be a resident under the substantial presence test for 2013. She needs 183 days to meet the substantial presence test.